Cerebellar Hypoplasia Causes : – The Causes of Feline Cerebellar Hypoplasia break down into several categories. All occur to kitten fetuses in utero during gestation. Many times Feline Cerebellar Hypoplasia Symptoms are so sever that the kittens need to be euthanized.
- Feline Distemper is the most common cause of Feline Cerebellar Hypoplasia
- Viral Infections: This is the most frequent cause of Feline Cerebellar Hypoplasia.These infections include the Feline Parvo Virus (FPV), and Feline Panleukopenia, also known as Feline Distemper
- Malnutrition: If the mother cat during pregnancy lacks proper diet and nourishment, the Cerebellum in the kittens is sometimes under-developed
- Poisons: Cat fetuses are particularly vulnerable to trace elemants and heavy metal toxins
- injury or general accidents during development in the fetus.
- Drugs: The drug Griseofulvin, which is prescribed for ringworm, is one of several prescription drugs that can cause Feline Cerebellar Hypoplasia
- FPV Innoculations: Feline Distemper is prevented by injection with the latent Feline Panleukopenia virus which causes the buildup of antibodies. Feline Cerebellar Hypoplasia can occur if this injection is made during pregnancy.
Of special note, Feline Distemper, also known as Feline Panleukopenia, is a viral infection affecting cats. Once contracted, it is highly contagious and can be fatal to the affected cat. It is the most common cause of Feline Cerebellar Hypoplasia.
The key to preventing Feline Cerebellar Hypoplasia begins with stopping the spread of Feline Panleukopenia.
Feline Distemper is usually spread through contact with an infected animal’s bodily fluids, fecal matter, as well as by fleas. It can also spread through contact with bedding, food dishes, litter boxes, or even by clothing and shoes touched by infected cats. It is not contagious or contractable by humans, but spreads easily through human contact.
Feline Panleukopenia Symptoms (Feline Distemper Symptoms)
Feline Panleukopenia attacks the lining of the gastrointestinal tract, causing ulceration and, ultimately, destruction of the intestinal epithelium. This results in bloody stool, dehydration, malnutrition, anemia, and often death. It also reduces the feline’s white blood cells, damaging its immune system. Other symptoms include depression, loss of appetite, fever, and vomiting. Often, the bloody lining of the stomach is very evident in expectorant or feces. Most feline distemper deaths are due to secondary infections or dehydration.
The Feline Panleukopenia Virus (FPV) aggressively attacks white blood cells, which causes further complications. Symptoms appear two to ten days after exposure. These include loss of appetite, apathy, and fever up to 105°F. The cat often vomits repeatedly and the excretus often has a yellow tinge. The cat will often crouch in pain, her head hanging a few inches over the water bowl. She will immediately vomit if she is able to drink. The infected cat will cry unabated due to severe abdominal pain.
Panleukopenia can cause Feline Cerebellar Hypoplasia Symptoms in kittens if a mother cat is exposed during pregnancy. Treatment of feline distemper with modified live feline panleukopenia vaccine during pregnancy is discouraged due to the risk of infection to the unborn fetuses.
Feline Distemper requires aggressive treatment as this disease can kill cats in less than 24 hours. Treatment involves whole blood transfusion, intravenous fluids, injections of vitamins A, B, and C, antibitotics, and hospitalization.